Marriage and Family Therapist


What Are Marriage and Family Therapists?

Marriage and Family Therapist or Marriage Family Counselor Marriage and Family Therapisthelps people take care of and beat mental disorders and issues with family and other connections. They pay attention to clients and have questions to help the customers understand their problems and develop ways of enhance their lives.

Negative feelings, issues, quarrels etc. often be a part of an enchanting as well as familial marriage. These issues are normal, but and then a certain degree. If they reach an even beyond solution, professional treatment is needed. This is exactly what marriage and family therapist is focused on.

Quick Facts
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
2016 Median Annual Sallary$49,170
Typical Entry-Level EducationMaster's degree
Typical On-The-Job TrainingInternship/residency
Work Experience In A Related OccupationNone
Projected Job Openings 2014 - 202412,100
Employment Change 2014 - 20245,000
Projected Growth 2014 - 202414.8%

Steps to Become a Marriage and Family Therapist

Marriage and Family Therapist usually require to have a master's level and a permit to practice.
  • Education:

    To become Marriage and Family Therapist, people typically desire a master's level in psychology, marriage and family therapy, or a related mental health field. A bachelor's degree in most areas is suitable to enter into a master's program.

    Counseling programs put together students to identify symptoms of mental and psychological disorders and use effective counseling strategies. Marriage and family therapist programs instruct students about how precisely marriages, family members, and interactions function and exactly how these relationships make a difference mental and mental disorders.

  • Licenses & Accreditations:

    All areas require marriage and family therapists to be accredited in the state of Hawaii where they practice. Licensure takes a master's level and 2,000 to 4,000 time of post degree supervised professional medical experience, sometimes known as an internship or residency. Furthermore, advisors and therapists must go a state-recognized exam and complete twelve-monthly carrying on education classes.

  • Training:

    Prospects gain hands-on experience through post degree supervised professional medical work, sometimes known as an internship or residency. In training, they figure out how to provide family remedy, group remedy, psychotherapy, and other restorative interventions, under the guidance of a qualified counselor.

Job Outlook


Below are national percentile wage estimates for this occupation in United States.
PERCENTILE 10% 25% 50% 75% 90%
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
Hourly Wage $15.19 $18.42 $23.64 $30.68 $39.41
Annual Wage $31,600 $38,320 $49,170 $63,810 $81,960

Industries with Highest Levels of Employment in This Occupation:

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
Individual and Family Services 11,350 0.67 $23.33 $48,520
Outpatient Care Centers 6,060 0.73 $25.44 $52,920
Offices of Other Health Practitioners 5,600 0.67 $26.38 $54,870
State Government (OES Designation) 5,010 0.23 $33.61 $69,910
Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Facilities 1,890 0.31 $22.64 $47,090

Top Paying Industries for This Occupation:

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
Elementary and Secondary Schools 330 0.00 $38.19 $79,440
State Government (OES Designation) 5,010 0.23 $33.61 $69,910
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 620 0.01 $30.84 $64,150
Religious Organizations 70 0.04 $28.27 $58,790
Offices of Physicians 620 0.02 $27.70 $57,620

States with Highest Employment Level in This Occupation:

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
California 10,350 2.46 $26.90 $55,950
New Jersey 4,080 3.92 $35.94 $74,750
Florida 3,030 1.40 $23.15 $48,140
Arizona 1,740 2.48 $31.46 $65,440
Pennsylvania 1,350 0.89 $23.07 $47,980

Top Paying States for This Occupation:

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics.
New Jersey 4,080 3.92 $35.94 $74,750
Alaska 40 0.45 $32.80 $68,230
Arizona 1,740 2.48 $31.46 $65,440
Maine N/A N/A $29.87 $62,130
Hawaii N/A N/A $29.55 $61,470

Key Attributes

Every field has basic requirements for people having different skills, abilities and knowledge. Understanding these requirements will help you find right career path for you. Below are few such key attributes that a Marriage and Family Therapist should have.


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  • Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
  • Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
  • Learning Strategies: Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
  • Monitoring: Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
  • Social Perceptiveness: Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
  • Coordination: Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
  • Persuasion: Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
  • Negotiation: Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.
  • Instructing: Teaching others how to do something.
  • Service Orientation: Actively looking for ways to help people.
  • Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Operations Analysis: Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.
  • Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  • Systems Analysis: Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
  • Systems Evaluation: Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
  • Time Management: Managing one's own time and the time of others.
  • Management of Personnel Resources: Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.


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  • Psychology: Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
  • Customer and Personal Service: Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
  • English Language: Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Philosophy and Theology: Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
  • Sociology and Anthropology: Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
  • Medicine and Dentistry: Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
  • Therapy and Counseling: Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.


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  • Oral Comprehension: The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
  • Written Comprehension: The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
  • Oral Expression: The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
  • Written Expression: The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
  • Fluency of Ideas: The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
  • Originality: The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
  • Problem Sensitivity: The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
  • Deductive Reasoning: The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
  • Inductive Reasoning: The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
  • Information Ordering: The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
  • Category Flexibility: The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
  • Speed of Closure: The ability to quickly make sense of, combine, and organize information into meaningful patterns.
  • Flexibility of Closure: The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
  • Selective Attention: The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
  • Near Vision: The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
  • Speech Recognition: The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
  • Speech Clarity: The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

What They Do?


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  • Ask questions that will help clients identify their feelings and behaviors.
  • Counsel clients on concerns, such as unsatisfactory relationships, divorce and separation, child rearing, home management, or financial difficulties.
  • Encourage individuals and family members to develop and use skills and strategies for confronting their problems in a constructive manner.
  • Maintain case files that include activities, progress notes, evaluations, and recommendations.
  • Collect information about clients, using techniques such as testing, interviewing, discussion, or observation.
  • Determine whether clients should be counseled or referred to other specialists in such fields as medicine, psychiatry, or legal aid.
  • Confer with clients to develop plans for posttreatment activities.
  • Follow up on results of counseling programs and clients' adjustments to determine effectiveness of programs.
  • Provide instructions to clients on how to obtain help with legal, financial, and other personal issues.
  • Gather information from doctors, schools, social workers, juvenile counselors, law enforcement personnel, and others to make recommendations to courts for resolution of child custody or visitation disputes.
  • Provide public education and consultation to other professionals or groups regarding counseling services, issues, and methods.
  • Supervise other counselors, social service staff, and assistants.
  • Provide family counseling and treatment services to inmates participating in substance abuse programs.
  • Write evaluations of parents and children for use by courts deciding divorce and custody cases, testifying in court if necessary.
  • Develop and implement individualized treatment plans addressing family relationship problems, destructive patterns of behavior, and other personal issues.
  • Confer with other counselors, doctors, and professionals to analyze individual cases and to coordinate counseling services.

Work Activities

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  • Getting Information: Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings: Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events: Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People: Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
  • Processing Information: Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards: Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Analyzing Data or Information: Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems: Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Thinking Creatively: Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge: Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Developing Objectives and Strategies: Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities: Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work: Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Documenting/Recording Information: Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others: Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates: Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization: Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships: Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Assisting and Caring for Others: Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others: Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public: Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Developing and Building Teams: Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
  • Training and Teaching Others: Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Coaching and Developing Others: Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Provide Consultation and Advice to Others: Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-, or process-related topics.

Work Context

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  • Telephone: 99% responded "Every day"
  • Electronic Mail: 86% responded "Every day"
  • Letters and Memos: 23% responded "Every day"
  • Face-to-Face Discussions: 99% responded "Every day"
  • Contact With Others: 84% responded "Constant contact with others"
  • Work With Work Group or Team: 70% responded "Extremely important"
  • Deal With External Customers: 39% responded "Extremely important"
  • Responsible for Others' Health and Safety: 33% responded "Very high responsibility"
  • Responsibility for Outcomes and Results: 13% responded "Very high responsibility"
  • Frequency of Conflict Situations: 44% responded "Every day"
  • Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People: 20% responded "Every day"
  • Deal With Physically Aggressive People: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Indoors, Environmentally Controlled: 100% responded "Every day"
  • Outdoors, Exposed to Weather: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Outdoors, Under Cover: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Exposed to Contaminants: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Exposed to Disease or Infections: 12% responded "Every day"
  • Spend Time Sitting: 50% responded "Continually or almost continually"
  • Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results: 39% responded "Very important results"
  • Frequency of Decision Making: 53% responded "Every day"
  • Freedom to Make Decisions: 44% responded "A lot of freedom"
  • Structured versus Unstructured Work: 44% responded "A lot of freedom"
  • Time Pressure: 50% responded "Every day"

Job Zone

  • Title: Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  • Related Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  • Job Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  • Job Zone Examples: These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include librarians, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, surgeons, and veterinarians.
  • SVP Range: (8.0 and above)

Find Your State Licensing Requirements

Whether you need to complete an internship or a doctoral degree, licensing requirements may vary from state to state. Click name of state below to find licensing requirement for that particular state.

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